Wiki For Mac

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The Macintosh (mainly Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. Since January 1984. The original Macintosh is the first successful mass-market personal computer to have featured a graphical user interface, built-in screen, and mouse. Apple sold the Macintosh alongside its popular Apple II family of computers for almost ten years until the.

  • MacOS, formerly Mac OS X from 2001 to 2012 and OS X until 2016, is the name of an operating system for computers made by Apple Inc. These are called Macintosh computers, or Macs. It differs from other computers, as macOS is supposed to run only on Macs and not on other computers. However, people have made the OS run on computers that are not Macs.
  • A Sad Mac is an icon used by older-generation Apple Macintosh computers (using the Old World ROM since the original Macintosh 128K),1 to indicate that a severe hardware or software problem has prevented startup from occurring successfully. The Sad Mac icon was displayed on a black screen, along with a set of hexadecimal codes that indicated the type of problem at startup. Different codes were.
  • Visual Studio 2019 for Mac. Develop apps and games for iOS, Android and using.NET. Download Visual Studio for Mac. Create and deploy scalable, performant apps using.NET and C# on the Mac.
  • Andre Louis Hicks (July 5, 1970 – November 1, 2004), better known by his stage name Mac Dre, was an American rapper, hip hop pioneer, and record producer based in Vallejo, California. He was instrumental in the emergence of hyphy, a cultural movement in the Bay Area hip hop scene that emerged in the early 2000s. Hicks is considered one of the movement's key pioneers that fueled its.

This is a HOWTO for LyX/Mac, a full-featured native implementation of LyX on the Mac OS X.

Table of contents

  1. Useful Helper Programs
    1. 4.1 Previewers
    2. 4.2 Spellcheckers
    3. 4.3 Bibtex tools
    4. 4.4 Envelopes
    5. 4.5 OmniGraffle converter
    6. 4.6 On screen quality of included PDF files
  2. Beyond basics
    1. 5.1 PdfSync and SyncTeX -- Forward Search and Reverse Search
    2. 5.2 Version Control
    3. 5.3 Interaction with X11.
    4. 5.4 DVI viewers
  3. Pipes
    1. 6.1 Name in Path Problem (JabRef)


LyX/Mac is available as a binary for Mac OS X 10.4 and later. (Note additional prerequisites below.) The download page is here.

For users who prefer emacs-like modifier key bindings, there is additional information on customizing these keys, including patched binary versions.


'LyX' can't be opened because it is from an unidentified developer.

With Mac OS X Mountain Lion a new feature is active: the Gatekeeper. It's there to help protect your Mac from malware and misbehaving apps downloaded from the Internet. An app that is delivered by an unknown developer — one with no Developer ID — will be blocked. To get a developer ID one has to buy a license from Apple with yearly costs. Because there is no support for open source programs like LyX by Apple the application is not signed. (In case you are GPG user we provide gpg signatures, see Download Checksums & signing section).

Fortunately there is an easy way to start LyX without disabling Gatekeeper:

1. Don't open the application with a double click. Click it while pressing the Control-key instead.

2. Choose Open

3. Another window is opened. There you choose open again. That's it.

More information is available here (the Apple documentation).


You need a TeX installation. The easiest option is to use MacTeX. The .dmg file for a complete MacTeX installation is very large (> 1 GB), but it is a very complete distribution and installs right out of the box. MacTeX includes all the components necessary for TeX to work, and includes the bibliography managing program BibDesk.

Users with slower download speeds might want to download BasicTeX, a much smaller distribution, linked from the MacTeX page.

Useful Helper Programs


LyX/Mac uses the system default viewers, and should require no configuration for PDF and HTML.

To specify a non-default GUI viewer use open -a app-name or open -a 'Application Name' in Preferences -> Outputs -> File formats -> filetype -> Viewer.


As of LyX/Mac 2.0, spellchecking support is included by default.

Bibtex tools

  • BibDesk is a highly recommended tool for maintaining BibTeX databases. Other possibilities include JabRef, tkbibtex (used with Tcl/Tk Aqua) or its aquafied counterpart, AquaTkbibtex, respectively, and Endnote (used with scripts that convert Endnote citations to LaTeX citations).


To print envelopes, install envelope in /usr/local/bin and make it executable. While you're writing a letter in LyX, do File -> Export -> Custom -> ASCII and give envelope as the command; it will parse the address from the letter and print an envelope, including the USPS barcode.

OmniGraffle converter

OmniGraffle is a great software for creating diagrams under Mac OS X (in particular, it works very well with LaTeXiT so that you can easily insert math formulae into diagrams). As it doesn't have a command line mode, you can use an AppleScript in order to insert '.graffle' files directly into LyX.

  • Put og-export.scpt somewhere on your disk (e.g. in $HOME/Library/Scripts/).
  • In order to use it, go to LyX preferences, add an OmniGraffle file format (just type auto for the editor), and then add converters:
    • OmniGraffle -> PDF (ps2pdf) converter: osascript replace/with/path/to/og-export.scpt `pwd`/$$i `pwd`/$$o pdf
    • OmniGraffle -> EPS converter: osascript replace/with/path/to/og-export.scpt `pwd`/$$i `pwd`/$$o eps
    • OmniGraffle -> PNG converter: osascript replace/with/path/to/og-export.scpt $$i $$o png
  • Note that currently, LyX doesn't work with OmniGraffle packages (e.g. diagrams including images). This problem will hopefully be solved in the future (see this bug for details).

On screen quality of included PDF files

When you include a PDF graphic in a LyX file, it will appear crisp in the typeset PDF file of your document, but the version you see in the LyX window can be quite ugly. Lyx converts PDFs to PNG to show them in this window, and the default conversion method can choose quite a low definition for these bitmaps. A quicker and better solution would be to include a converter that uses the sips program that comes with OSX (it is a command line tool that you can use in the Terminal for converting a graphic file between different formats). To create this converter, you should open the Preference menu item in the LyX menu, and go to the File handling tab, then the Converters item. Here we will use the PDF (graphics) ->EPS item as a template. When you choose this item, the bottom boxes are filled and you can read a command that starts with pdftops... in the converter box. We will first change the EPS item on the right to PNG (you should have this possibility in the combo that opens when you click on EPS), and change the converter command as consequence, by replacing the complete psdtopdf... command by:

sips --resampleWidth 600 --setProperty format png $$i --out $$o

You can also increase the resampleWidth value if the generated bitmaps look too small on your screen (please first check that Lyx shows them at 100% of their size). When you finish setting these parameter, click Add button next to the top converters list (if not, you will loose the new converter), then click Save. If you open a new file containing PDF graphics, they should be much better looking and crispier now. If you want to change these values later, you should come to the same screen, select this converter, change the parameters in the converter box, and click Modify before leaving this screen.

Beyond basics

PdfSync and SyncTeX -- Forward Search and Reverse Search

LyX allows, using a suitable viewer such as, to navigate quickly between a particular place in a LyX document to the corresponding place in the rendered PDF document (forward search) and from a particular place in the PDF back to the corresponding place in the LyX document (reverse or inverse search). However, some set-up is needed before this functionality is available.

  • Please note that there are more up-to-date instructions using SyncTeX on this wiki at where the free OS X PDF viewer is used. (Skim is highly recommended for this use.)
  • Please note also that there are new instructions about reverse search in Additional Features Manual.
Wiki For Mac

PdfSync is similar to reverse DVI search but is for the (now more common) method of directly producing pdf files. If you use the program Skim as your previewer you can COMAND-SHIFT-click in the previewed pdf file which causes the cursor to move to that point in LyX.

  • In LyX > Preferences > File Handling > File formats > PDF (pdflatex), in the Viewer setting select 'Custom' and then enter open -a $$i in the viewer setting. Then click Save.
  • In Skim > Preferences > Sync select LyX.
  • Include usepackage{pdfsync} in the preamble of your LyX files.
    Troubleshooting PdfSync
    Make sure that the and .lyxpipe.out files do not exist when LyX is not running. (They are normally deleted when LyX quits, but if LyX crashes, they remain and prevent LyX from communicating with PDFView.) Their location can be found in LyX > Preferences > Paths.

Version Control

  • Please note that there are new instructions about version control in Additional Features Manual.

Version control is useful for managing large documents, or documents with multiple authors. In order to implement it, you need to have RCS (Revision Control System) installed. This is a standard part of Xcode. The simplest way to get version control working, is to install the Xcode Tools package contained on the OS X install DVD. See the Mac Version Control page for more information.

Interaction with X11.

Xfig or X-windows previewers like xdvi or gv can be used with LyX/Mac if you modify your ~/MacOSX/environment.plist file. For details, see the environment.plist page. Alternatively, you can change the viewer for postscript or dvi with DISPLAY=:0.0 gv or DISPLAY=:0.0 xdvi. Note that X11 must be running first for either of these to work.

DVI viewers

By default, LyX will generate PDF files. If for some reason you prefer to create and view DVI files, some set-up hints are provided on the Mac-DVI page.


Name in Path Problem (JabRef)

Programs such as JabRef communicate with LyX via pipes, which are sometimes named incorrectly by default (e.g., they assume that the pipe is in a directory that has a space in its name, such as Application Support, but other programs often cannot deal with spaces in paths). You may need to fix the lyxpipe path in both LyX and JabRef in Mac OS X.

To fix the LyX pipe in JabRef, open JabRef and go to Preferences>External Programs and in 'Path to LyX pipe' enter /Applications/ Close JabRef.

Then open LyX, go to LyX>Preferences>Paths, and in 'LyXServer pipe' enter /Applications/ Reconfigure. Close LyX.

The next time you run LyX and JabRef, you should be able to push citations directly from your BibTeX bibliography in JabRef into LyX. If anything goes wrong, JabRef will return an error message, and you will have to redefine the pipe. You might try the following: (1) change the LyXServer path in LyX -> Preferences -> Paths back to ~/.lyx; (2) recreate the ~/.lyx directory by entering in a terminal session, 'mkdir ~/.lyx'; and (3) restart LyX.

Known issues

  1. Due to limitations in the Qt/Mac library, interface languages other than English modify the organization of the toolbar menus and it may not be possible to directly enter some special characters into the document preamble (you can copy them to the preamble).

Please report any other bugs to the appropriate LyX mailing list. A web gateway is also available.

The information on this page is believed to be accurate, has been used successfully on many systems and sites, and has benefited from the comments and suggestions of many users. Due to the variations in individual systems, this information and the various files and code available on this page are conveyed as is with no warranty of any kind.

More information

This group contains the following pages:

Mac /


Background information
Birth nameAndre Louis Hicks
BornJuly 5, 1970
Oakland, California, U.S.
OriginVallejo, California, U.S.
DiedNovember 1, 2004 (aged 34)
Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.
GenresHip hop
West Coast hip hop, gangsta rap (early)
Hyphy (later)
Occupation(s)Rapper, record producer, screenwriter, film director
Years active1984–2004
LabelsThizz Entertainment
Associated actsMac Mall

Andre Louis Hicks (July 5, 1970 – November 1, 2004), better known by his stage nameMac Dre, was an American rapper, hip hoppioneer, and record producer based in Vallejo, California.[1][2] He was instrumental in the emergence of hyphy, a cultural movement in the Bay Areahip hop scene that emerged in the early 2000s.[3] Hicks is considered one of the movement's key pioneers that fueled its popularity into mainstream, releasing songs with fast-paced rhymes and basslines that inspired a new style of dance.[3] As the founder of the independent record label Thizz Entertainment, Hicks recorded dozens of albums and gave aspiring rappers an outlet to release albums locally.[4]

Wiki Mac Mini

In 2004, Hicks was killed by an unknown assailant after a performance in Kansas City, Missouri,[5] a case that remains unsolved.[6]

Early life and career[edit]

Andre Louis Hicks was born in Oakland, California on July 5, 1970 and then moved to the Vallejo area. He would often frequent the Country Club Crest neighborhood, known locally as The Crest. In 1989, the outgoing Hicks made waves with a cassette tape featuring the single, 'Too Hard for the F---in' Radio' while still a student at Vallejo's Hogan High School. NPR noted his 2013 sound as being 'fast and confident' further writing that 'he built upon the bouncy bass that had its roots in the funk era.'[7] When asked about his childhood, Hicks stated that 'Situations came out for the better most of them, I went through the little trials and the shit that I went through.'[8] Hicks first adopted the stage name MC Dre in 1984, but altered it to Mac Dre the following year because he considered the name sounded 'too East Coast-ish'.[9] Hicks recorded his first three EPs as Mac Dre between 1988 and 1992.[1]


In the early 1990s, the city of Vallejo experienced a surge in bank robberies. Vallejo police began to focus on the Crest Neighborhood as a source of the crime. Hicks was vocal about the actions he saw being taken by the police and incorporated their aggressive surveillance of residents into his music. As gangster rap music consistently grew in popularity, law enforcement officials began to examine the lyrics of local rappers to utilize as evidence in criminal matters.[10]

On March 26, 1992, at age 21, Hicks was invited by friends to a road trip in Fresno. Hicks had performed in the city two weeks prior and decided to go on the trip so that he could re-visit a woman he knew there. While driving back to Vallejo the car was surrounded by the FBI, Fresno, and Vallejo police. The police stated that while Hicks was at a motel, his friends were allegedly casing a bank but had changed their mind when they saw a local Fresno TV News van in the bank's parking lot.[11]When questioned by the police, Hicks stated that he did not leave the hotel therefore did not know anything. The police subsequently charged him with conspiracy to commit robbery, although no bank robbery was conducted and Hicks was neither with his friends nor near the location of the purported bank.[12]He was sentenced to five years in federal prison after he refused a plea deal for the conspiracy charge. The trial was later listed among Complex Magazine's 30 Biggest Criminal Trials in Rap History.[13] At the time of his conviction, Hicks owned the record label Romp Productions.[1] Hicks was released a year early from prison for good behavior on August 2, 1996, after serving four years.[1] It was during his time in prison that Hicks developed a 'better appreciation for freedom, life, fun.'[14]

Post Prison Career[edit]

After his release from Lompoc Prison[15], Hicks wanted to start doing music that was easy to dance to. He and longtime friend and fellow rapper Troy Reddick, a.k.a. Da'unda'Dogg, decided to try to do something different. The duo recorded several songs to pitch to major record labels. One song was sent to various West-Coast-based representatives of the well-known Oakland rapper Too Short for an upcoming compilation, Nationwide: Independence Day, but was not selected and it is unknown if the song ever made it to Too Short.

In 1998, Hicks relocated to Sacramento to distance himself from the eyes of Vallejo law enforcement and founded a new label, Thizz Entertainment, now managed by Hicks' mother.[14] In 2000, Hicks' change in sound became influential in the Hyphy Movement.[14] Hicks continued to release multiple popular albums independently until his untimely death in 2004.

In 2019, Grammy-winning Atlanta rapper and multi-platinum producer Lil Jon, with the blessing of Hicks' mother, would incorporate the same vocals in the single 'Ain't No Tellin' and release through Geffen Records.[16] Ironically, Lil Jon's 1998 debut to the Bay Area was through a song on the same Too Short compilation. Reddick, in a statement to Complex Magazine, stated, 'Of all the vocals Jon got, he picked some from the record Dre wrote to be released by a major label, and 23 years later Lil Jon has completed his goal!' [16]


After Hicks and other Thizz Entertainment members had performed a show in Kansas City, Missouri on October 31, 2004, an unidentified gunman shot at the group's van as it traveled on U.S. Route 71 in the early morning hours of November 1. The van's driver crashed and called 9-1-1, but Hicks was pronounced dead at the scene from a bullet wound to the neck.[17]

He was buried at the Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland.[18]

Wiki For Mac


Studio albums[edit]

  • Young Black Brotha (1993)
  • Stupid Doo Doo Dumb (1998)
  • Rapper Gone Bad (1999)
  • Heart of a Gangsta, Mind of a Hustla, Tongue of a Pimp (2000)
  • Mac Dre's the Name (2001)
  • It's Not What You Say... It's How You Say It (2001)
  • Thizzelle Washington (2002)
  • Al Boo Boo (2003)
  • Ronald Dregan: Dreganomics (2004)
  • The Genie of the Lamp (2004)
  • The Game Is Thick, Vol. 2 (2004)

Posthumous studio albums[edit]

  • Judge Dre Mathis (2005)
  • Pill Clinton (2007)
  • Dre Day: July 5th 1970 (2008)

Collaboration albums[edit]

  • Supa Sig Tapeswith Little Bruce (1990)
  • Turf Buccaneerswith Cutthroat Committee (2001)
  • Money iz Motivewith Cutthroat Committee (2005)
  • Da U.S. Openwith Mac Mall (2005)
  • A Tale of Two Andreswith Andre Nickatina (2008)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ abcd'Archived copy'. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved March 12, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^sfbg. 'San Francisco Bay Guardian - News'. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  3. ^ ab'An Oral History of Hyphy'. Complex. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  4. ^Van Nguyen, Dean (June 2, 2014). 'Vallejo rapper Mac Dre pioneered the hyphy movement'. WaxPoetics. Wax Poetics, Inc. Retrieved March 17, 2018. But no one touched the Bay area like Vallejo's Mac Dre. Responsible for recording dozens of records, unearthing new local talent, building a rap empire, and pioneering a whole new homegrown counterculture, Mac Dreezy changed the landscape of the Bay Area forever and earned legendary status among Bay Area locals.
  5. ^'Rapper Mac Dre Killed In Kansas City'. Billboard. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  6. ^Gray, Madison (2011-09-13). 'Top 10 Unsolved Hip-Hop Murders'. Time. ISSN0040-781X. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  7. ^Harmanci, Reyhan; Walter, Shoshana. 'Federal Drug Case Ensnares The Home of Hyphy'. NPR. National Public Radio. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  8. ^530NorCal. 'Mac Dre - Ghetto Celebrities Pt. 2'. Youtube. Retrieved 2013-04-16.[better source needed]
  9. ^530NorCal2. 'Mac Dre - Ghetto Celebrities Pt. 1'. youtube. Retrieved 2013-04-16.[better source needed]
  10. ^Harmanci, Reyhan; Walter, Shoshana. 'Federal Drug Case Ensnares The Home Of Hyphy'. NPR. National Public Radio. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  11. ^Billy, Jam. 'Hip-Hop History Tuesdays: Mac Dre Details Police Role In His 5 Year Prison Sentence: March 1996 Rare Radio Interview from Lompoc'. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  12. ^Billy, Jam. 'Hip-Hop History Tuesdays: Mac Dre Details Police Role In His 5 Year Prison Sentence: March 1996 Rare Radio Interview from Lompoc'. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  13. ^Drake, David; Insanul, Ahmed. 'The 30 Biggest Criminal Trials in Rap History'. Complex. Complex Magazine. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  14. ^ abcHorowitz, Steven. 'An Oral History of Hyphy'. Complex. Complex Magazine. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  15. ^
  16. ^ abShifferaw, Abel. 'Lil Jon Shares New Track 'Ain't No Tellin' Featuring Mac Dre'. Complex. Complex Magazine. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  17. ^Bulwa, Demian (2011-06-24). 'Rapper Mac Dre slain in Kansas City'. SFGate. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  18. ^'Andre Mac-Dre Hicks (1970 - 2004) - Find A Grave Memorial'. Retrieved 9 March 2015.

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