Mac For The Rest Of Us

Use the latest version of macOS. Update to the latest version of macOS. Go to Apple menu. How the Mac made computing possible for ‘the rest of us’ Unveiled 30 years ago this month, the little, all-in-one Apple Mac succeeded in redefining home computing Thu, Jan 30, 2014, 01:10.

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Moving to a new Mac? Before taking these steps, you can use Migration Assistant to move your files from the old Mac to your new Mac.

Create a backup

Make sure that you have a current backup of your important files. Learn how to back up your Mac.

Sign out of iTunes in macOS Mojave or earlier

If you're using macOS Mojave or earlier, open iTunes. From the menu bar at the top of the screen or iTunes window, choose Account > Authorizations > Deauthorize This Computer. Then enter your Apple ID and password and click Deauthorize.

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Learn more about deauthorizing computers used with your iTunes account.

Sign out of iCloud

If you're using macOS Catalina or later, choose Apple menu  > System Preferences, then click Apple ID. Select Overview in the sidebar, then click Sign Out.

If you're using macOS Mojave or earlier, choose Apple menu  > System Preferences, click iCloud, then click Sign Out.

Mac For The Rest Of Us Citizens

You will be asked whether to keep a copy of your iCloud data on this Mac. You can click Keep a Copy, because you're erasing your Mac later. Your iCloud data remains in iCloud and on any other devices that are signed in to iCloud with your Apple ID.

Sign out of iMessage

If you're using OS X Mountain Lion or later, open the Messages app, then choose Messages > Preferences from the menu bar. Click iMessage, then click Sign Out.


Shut down your Mac, then turn it on and immediately press and hold these four keys together: Option, Command, P, and R. Release the keys after about 20 seconds. This clears user settings from memory and restores certain security features that might have been altered.

Learn more about resetting NVRAM or PRAM.

Optional: Unpair Bluetooth devices that you’re keeping

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If your Mac is paired with a Bluetooth keyboard, mouse, trackpad, or other Bluetooth device that you plan to keep, you can unpair it. This optional step prevents accidental input when the Mac and device have separate owners but remain in Bluetooth range of each other.

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If you're unpairing Bluetooth input devices from a desktop computer such as an iMac, Mac mini, or Mac Pro, you must plug in a USB keyboard and mouse to complete the remaining steps in this article.

To unpair a Bluetooth device, choose Apple menu  > System Preferences, then click Bluetooth. Move your pointer over the device that you want to unpair, then click the remove (x) button next to the device name.

Erase your hard drive and reinstall macOS

The best way to restore your Mac to factory settings is to erase your hard drive and reinstall macOS.

After macOS installation is complete, the Mac restarts to a setup assistant that asks you to choose a country or region. To leave the Mac in an out-of-box state, don't continue setup. Instead, press Command-Q to shut down the Mac. When the new owner turns on the Mac, the setup assistant guides them through the setup process.

No matter the model or condition, we can turn your device into something good for you and good for the planet: Learn how to trade in or recycle your Mac with Apple Trade In.

Thinking about automation

Computer use necessitates daily rituals -- standard, well-trodden activities that involve the same types of files, the same time of the day, with the same applications. The regularities that arise in these actions have long been captured via scripting languages. Using scripts to pare down multi-step activities seems obvious and useful enough to have filtered down to less advanced users. Unfortunately, it hasn't happened yet. CE Software is trying to change that with Quickeys.

Quickeys X2

Quickeys is a kind of WYSIWYG macro generator. In this case, however, what you see is literally what you do, and what you get is literally what you've done. The idea of recording macros is not new, of course, but most ways of recording macros are either application specific, or require some knowledge of scripting to be useful. Quickeys attempts to remedy this by using its own proprietary system to automate Mac OS X's GUI.

Quickeys calls its macros 'shortcuts.' A shortcut is literally made up of 'steps,' each of which is one of a predefined set of actions that can be assembled or recorded. All shortcuts have four primary means of activation: a key combination, the day and time, the Quickeys dock icon, or an optional menuling. (A menuling is a menu item distinct from standard application menus. It usually resides on the right side of the menu bar.)

CE Software classifies shortcuts as either single-step or multi-step. Single-step shortcuts are the sort of activities that have long been the province of shareware applications on the Mac. This includes assigning a key combination to launch a favorite application or open a frequently used folder. Oddly, CE Software equips the default configuration with shortcuts to shutdown and sleep the computer. It's not clear how these are useful, as Mac OS X already has keyboard shortcuts to do both activities. Nor is having them available on the Quickeys menu a blessing -- they're already available on the Apple menu. If the goal of CE Software is to make you wonder how you ever lived without Quickeys, perhaps something more impressive is in order.

Default shortcuts aside, single-step actions have a variety of uses. 'Manage Files,' for instance, allows you to move or copy files to a predefined folder of your choosing. These files can be manually selected or specified beforehand. If you frequently download files to your desktop, sending them to their proper folder without juggling windows or playing the spring-loaded jamboree is certainly helpful. Quickeys can also use 'Clips' to ease the reproduction of repetitive phrases. If you respond to tons of e-mail daily, using a few boiler-plate statements is probably in order, and Clips aids this process admirably.

Of course, there's a reason Quickeys costs $99.00, and it's not because of quick and dirty shortcuts.

Putting Quickeys to the test

Technical writers are occasionally given on-the-fly challenges in job interviews. One such challenge is to describe the construction of a peanut butter and jelly sandwich to, say, an alien. If you've ever tried a similar task, it becomes immediately obvious that the process is very involved, and it's not always clear what needs to be specified. Think about it for a moment--in making a PB & J, you may note that the lid of the jelly jar is to be turned counterclockwise for access, and then fail because there are no instructions for holding the jar with the other hand while doing so.

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This problem of description is similar to what you'll face initially with Quickeys--it's an alien trying to understand what you're doing just by watching you, and unfortunately this can impact what it thinks is 'important.' As an illustration, I decided to give Quickeys a relatively simple but realistic task: toggling a web-based proxy while using Safari.

In Mac OS X, one way to do this is via the following steps:
1. Open System Preferences.
2. Press the Network button.
3. Press the Proxies tab.
4. Select/Deselect the web proxy check box.
5. Press the Apply Now button.
6. Quit System preferences.
7. Switch to Safari.